SkillsUSA Broadcast News Written Test Part 1


Advocacy Journalism
In which the reporter or journalist openly declares their stance on an issue while attempting to espouse it with factual reporting.

News anchors are responsible for presenting stories on-camera, usually from a studio location though work can take place in the field.

AP Stylebook
The Associated Press Stylebook, commonly adhered to as the industry standard on formatting and word usage in news writing.

The main portion of audio video footage in a news story.

The written phrase that identifies the source of a fact, opinion, or quote in a story.

Back Timing
The practice of rehearsing the final segment of a news broadcast and timing it; during the live broadcast, the director may then speed up or slow down this segment to coincide with the scheduled finishing time of the program.

A story used to provide history and context to a current news story.

The areas of expertise in which a journalist or reporter covers on a regular basis and on an in-depth level, such as politics, health, or law enforcement.

Beat Checks
A list of established contacts that a beat reporter will frequently touch base to find or develop a story. These could include the local law enforcement agency, city council, hospital, or other sources.

A short (2-10 second) indent used as filler leading into and out of commercial breaks. Often shortened to "bump," but not to be confused with the verb of the same name (to bump a story is to place it higher or lower on the scale of priority.)

Supplementary material to complement the A-Roll, such as establishing shots or graphical overlays.

Chroma Key
Also known as green screening.

Citizen Journalism
Reporting which takes place outside of what is usually considered mainstream media, predominantly carried out by members of the public without formal training. Can include the work of bloggers and social media platforms.

Closed-Ended Question
A direct question intended to elicit a yes-or-no answer as opposed to an open-ended question intended to encourage a lengthy answer.

Cold Copy
News script not previously read by the reporter until the camera is rolling. Sometimes referred to by the slang term "rip n' read."

Cold Open
Any type of video which rolls before the camera cuts to the anchors, usually featuring a voice over and ending on a form of cliffhanger.

A reporter who files stories from outside the newsroom—usually someone assigned to cover events in another city, state, or country.

AKA the news ticker, a thin bar of scrolling text which informs viewers of any upcoming breaking news or weather alerts.

A shot of something other than the main action of an action sequence. In an interview, the cutaway is usually a shot of the reporter listening as the source talks. Necessary to maintain continuity and avoid jump cuts.

The specific location where a reporter is delivering a story. Usually announced in the sign-out or sign-off.