SkillsUSA Broadcast News Written Test Part 2/4

Chopping off the end of a story or sound bite. Opposite of upcut.

A non-breaking news story on people, trends, or issues. A feature story isn't necessarily related to a current event.

A satellite or microwave transmission of live or recorded material.

A story updating or supplying additional details about an event that's been previously covered.

Fullscreen Graphic or FS
A still or animated image, usually computer generated, that takes up the whole screen.

Happy Talk
Casual, informal, and light-hearted chatter between the anchors. Can be used as a form of bumper.

Hard News
The news of the day. Factual coverage of serious, timely events (crime, war, business, politics, etc.)

Any distortion or technical distraction in video or audio.

Either too loud (hot audio) or too bright (hot video). Engineers often say that hot video "blooms" on screen.

Human Interest
A news story focusing on a personality or individual's story with wide appeal to a general audience.

IFB or Interrupt Feedback
The earpiece through which a director or producer instructs a correspondent in the field or anchor in the studio. The producer interrupts whatever feedback the reporter is getting in the earpiece.

Join in Progress (JIP)
A direction to the control room to cut to a broadcast already in progress.

Jump Cut
An edit in a news package that interrupts continuity. Example: an interviewee speaking followed immediately by another shot of the same interviewee speaking at a different time, so the image "jumps." Avoided by using cutaways or b-roll

A light story that ends a newscast.

The key information of the story, usually presented at the beginning of the segment.

Leading Questions
Questions intended to steer an interviewee in a particular direction.

Lip Flap
Video of somebody talking, with the audio portion muted. Happens when using video of people being interviewed as B-roll. Avoid it.

Put on the air in real time, not pre-recorded or pre-produced.

Lower Third
The bottom third of the frame containing text information regarding the current story, the anchors' or interviewee's identification, and other relevant captions.

An error in which footage or audio is played before its intended time, resulting in overlapping elements in the broadcast.