SkillsUSA Broadcast News Written Test 4

Vocab Words 

SOT or Sound Bit
"Sound on Tape." A recorded comment, usually audio and video, from a news source other than the anchor, narration, or voiceover, played during a news story. Usually an edited portion of a larger statement.

Spot
A commercial.

Stacking
Lining up stories within a newscast based on their important and relationship to one another.

Stagger-through
A full rehearsal of the show.

Standup
A reporter speaking to camera, not covered by video.

Still
A still image as opposed to a moving video image. Stills can be used to illustrate a story and can sometimes be displayed over track or interview clips instead of video footage.

Sting
A brief piece of music, typically less than fifteen seconds, used to punctuate the end of a segment or story. The sting is often the station's own jingle.

Sweeps Week
The week in which a station's viewership is monitored and rated.

Switch
An instruction given to the control room to cut to another camera or video source.

Tag
A paragraph at the end of a news story, usually delivered by the anchor, that provides additional information or sums up the item.

Tease
A short description of an upcoming story designed to keep the viewer watching through commercial breaks.

Tight on
A direction to the camera crew to zoom in on a subject so that they fill the shot (e.g. "Tight on anchor/guest.")

Toss
When an anchor or reporter turns over a portion of the show to another anchor or reporter

Track
The reporter's written and recorded script in a news package.

Tracking
The act of recording a script.

TRT
"Total running time." The length of an edited package.

Two-Shot
Most often an interview guest and the back of the reporter's head. Also used to refer to any shot including two people; two anchors at a single news desk, for instance.

Upcut
Chopping off the beginning of the audio or video of a shot or video story. Opposite of downcut.

Video Journalist or VJ
A reporter who shoots his or her own video and may even edit it. Also referred to as a "Multimedia Journalist."

Videographer
A name for a photographer or cameraperson.

VOSOT
"Voiceover" followed by "sound on tape." A news script, usually read live, that includes video, track, and at least one sound bite.

Watermark
A semi-transparent graphic, usually the station's logo, placed in one corner of the broadcast feed.

Woodshedding
The practice of annotating a news script to denote which words should be spoken with emphasis.